Capital - London
Area - 130,410 sq km
Population - 49,138,831
Time Zone - GMT
Currency - Pound
Life Expectancy - 80 years


Exports include manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals; food, beverages and tobacco. 

Imports include manufactured goods, machinery, fuels and foodstuffs.

Cultural aspects/religion

Religion - Christianity is the main religion. 

Languages - The main language is English.


Terrain - England's terrain mostly comprises low hills and plains, especially in central and southern England. However, there are uplands in the north (for example, the mountainous Lake District, Pennines, and Yorkshire Dales) and in the south west (for example, Dartmoor and the Cotswolds).

Mountains - The highest point is Scafell Pike (978m). 

Ecology/Wildlife - England's fauna is mainly made up of small animals and is notable for having few large mammals, but many bird species. Deciduous woodlands are common across all of England and provide a great habitat for much of England's wildlife. High population densities and growing urbanization have resulted in falling number of some species while others have adapted, particularly the Red Fox, which is the most successful urban mammal after the Brown Rat, and other animals such as Common Wood Pigeon, both of which thrive in urban and suburban areas.

Natural resources - Coal, petroleum, natural gas, limestone, iron ore, salt, slate, clay, chalk, gypsum, lead, silica and arable land.

Natural hazards - Occasional flooding.

Famous personalities

Queen Elizabeth, Charles Darwin (helped develop the theory of evolution), William Shakespeare (Playwright and poet) and Sir Winston Churchill (Prime Minister during World War 2).


Main sports - Football, rugby, cricket. 

Key athletes - David Beckham (footballer), Mo Farrah (born in Somalia but is a British citizen won gold medals in the 5000m and 10000m in the 2012 Olympics), Sir Steve Redgrave (has won 5 gold medals for rowing) and Bradley Wiggins (won the Tour de France 2012).  

Key historic events

1706 – Treaty of Union, creating the United Kingdom. The UK fought in two world wars in the 20th century.

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