Cyprus

Flag of Cyprus

Capital - Nicosia
Area - 9,251 sq km
Population - 862,000
Time Zone - GMT +02:00
Currency - Euro (EUR)
Life Expectancy – 78 years

Trade

Exports include citrus, potatoes, pharmaceuticals, cement, clothing.

Imports include consumer goods, petroleum and lubricants, machinery and transport equipment.

GDP per capita (PPP) – $27,500 (in 2011)

Cultural aspects/religion

Religion - Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18% and other 4%.

Languages - The main languages spoken are Greek (official), Turkish (official) and English. 

Biosphere

Terrain - Central plain with mountains to the north and south; scattered but significant plains along the southern coast.

Mountains - The highest point is Mount Olympus at 1951m. 

Ecology/Wildlife - One of the unique features of Cyprus' habitats is the wild and sharp differences in elevations and habitats in different parts of the island as well as different climate conditions, all of which supply a diverse habitat for a unique array of fauna and flora.

Natural resources – Copper, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment.

Natural hazards – Moderate earthquake activity and occasional droughts.

Famous personalities

Stelios (founder of EasyJet airlines). Peter Andre (singer) is of Greek Cypriot descent.

Sport

Main sports – Football, rugby union and basketball. 

Key athletes – Marcos Baghdatis (tennis player). 

Key historic events

For many years tensions have existed between the Greek Cypriots and the Turkish Cypriots. In 2004 the island became part of the EU.

Connections with Britain

A former British colony, Cyprus became independent in 1960 following years of resistance to British rule.

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