Flag of Pakistan

Capital - Islamabad
Area - 796,095 sq km
Population - 176,952,000
Time zone - GMT +05:00
Currency - Pakistani Rupee (PRe)
Life expectancy - 66 years


Exports include textiles (garments, bed linen, cotton cloth, yarn), rice, leather goods, sports goods, chemicals, manufactures, carpets and rugs.

Imports include petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics, transportation equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel and tea.

GDP per capita (PPP) – $2800 (in 2011).

Cultural aspects/religion

Religion - Islam (97%), Hinduism, Christianity and others (3%).

Languages - Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun, Urdu, Balochi, English and many other local languages.


Terrain - flat Indus plain in east and mountains in north and northwest. Plateau in west.

Mountains – The highest point is K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) at 8611m.

Ecology/Wildlife – Snow leopards and bears can be found in the mountainous areas.

Natural resources – Land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt and limestone.

Natural hazards – Frequent earthquakes, occasionally very severe especially in the north and west. Flooding along the Indus after heavy rains (July and August).

Famous personalities

Benazir Bhutto (Served as Prime Minister from 1988 – 1990 and 1993 – 1996).  Imran Khan is a Pakistani Politician and former cricketer. 


Main sports – Cricket, Squash and Hockey. 

Key athletes – Amir Khan (boxer) is of Pakistani heritage.

Key historic events

The separation in 1947 of British India into the Muslim state of Pakistan (with West and East sections) and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved, and India and Pakistan fought two wars - in 1947-48 and 1965 - over the disputed Kashmir territory. A third war between these countries in 1971 - in which India capitalized on Islamabad's marginalization of Bengalis in Pakistani politics - resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh.

Connections with Britain

Pakistan was a British colony.

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