St Helena, Ascension and Tristan Da Cunha

Capital - Jamestown
Area - 308 sq km
Population - 4000
Time zone - GMT +0
Currency - St Helena Pound
Life expectancy - 79 years

Trade

Exports include fish (frozen, canned, and salt-dried skipjack, tuna), coffee, handicrafts.

Imports include food, beverages, tobacco, fuel oils, animal feed, building materials, motor vehicles and parts, machinery and parts.

GDP per capita (PPP) - $2500 (in 1998)

Cultural aspects/religion

Religion - Mainly Christian, some Bahai.

Languages - English is the language spoken. 

Biosphere

Terrain - the islands of this group result from volcanic activity associated with the Atlantic Mid-Ocean Ridge. 

Mountains - Queen Mary's Peak on Tristan da Cunha is the highest island mountain (2060m) in the South Atlantic and a prominent landmark on the sea lanes around southern Africa.

Ecology/Wildlife - Saint Helena harbours at least 40 species of plants unknown elsewhere in the world. Ascension is a breeding ground for sea turtles.

Natural resources - Fish and lobster.

Natural hazards - Active volcanoes on Tristan da Cunha. The island volcanoes of Tristan da Cunha and Nightingale Island experience volcanic activity. Tristan da Cunha erupted in 1962 and Nightingale in 2004.

Sport

Main Sports – Cricket

Key historic events

During World War II, the UK permitted the US to construct an airfield on Ascension in support of trans-Atlantic flights to Africa and anti-submarine operations in the South Atlantic. In 1982, Ascension was an essential staging area for British forces during the Falklands War.

Connections with Britain

Saint Helena is a British Overseas Territory consisting of Saint Helena and Ascension Islands, and the island group of Tristan da Cunha.

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