Photograph of Mens Judo match at the GMEX centre in Manchester

Judo is a relatively modern martial art, and has grown in popularity throughout the Commonwealth. It is a highly physical sport with a strong ethical code and guiding philosophy.

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In a display of physical strength and tactical positioning, the sport pits two athletes against each other in a contest to control and dictate the movements of the opponent. There are three basic categories of techniques in Judo: throwing, grappling and striking. The objective is to either throw or takedown an opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue an opponent with a pin, or force an opponent to submit with a joint lock or a choke.

The traditional rules of Judo are intended to provide a basis under which to test skill in Judo, while avoiding significant risk of injury to the competitors. Additionally, the rules are also intended to enforce proper etiquette.

Both male and female athletes - dressed in the traditional white and blue judogi (uniforms) - will compete in seven defined weight categories in Glasgow, vying for the 14 gold medals on offer.

Governing body

JudoScotland is the sportscotland recognised governing body for the sport of Judo within Scotland. Founded in 1988, JudoScotland represents Scottish Judoka (judo players), coaches, officials, clubs and our national squad.


Judo is a martial art, combat and Olympic sport created in Japan in 1882 by Jigoro Kano. Since its inclusion in the 1964 Olympic Games Judo has progressed rapidly and is now one of the world’s most popular combat sports.

Judo has been a Commonwealth Games sport since the 1990, although it is an optional sport, so may or may not be included in the programme of each of the Games.

Learning some Judo basics

Paralympics gold medallist Simon Jackson explains the basics of Judo, and the slight differences between Olympic and Paralympic Judo. (BBC video)


  • SECC Precinct

    Information about the SECC Precinct as a venue for the 2014 Games.

Other websites

  • JudoScotland

    JudoScotland is the recognised governing body for the sport of Judo within Scotland.